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Iron & Earth is a not-for-profit organization led by fossil fuel industry and Indigenous workers, whose aim is to help build the policies and infrastructure required to meet climate targets. We are concerned about the increasingly polarized conversation and contexts around energy development in Canada and are reaching out with a message of vision and proposed action. 


Many people across Canada were shocked and disappointed recently when Teck Resources Limited announced that they are withdrawing their application to develop what was slated to be the next mega project for the Canadian energy sector. This event has left many people in the oil and gas industry worried about their future and the future of the Canadian energy industry. 

We understand these concerns, yet believe the Teck cancellation could represent a historic milestone, marking the moment that Canada shifted collectively towards a prosperous net-zero economy. But in order to move successfully in this new direction, we need bold federal climate policy that includes urgent investments in Alberta and Saskatchewan to set us on a fast track to economic transition. The workers who would have been earning a living at Teck mine deserve the opportunity to get to work building the net-zero economy now. We stand ready to be put to work.

Investment migration

In his letter to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change Canada, Teck CEO Don Lindsay explained  that "global capital markets are changing rapidly and investors and customers are increasingly looking for jurisdictions to have a framework in place that reconciles resource development and climate change in order to produce the cleanest possible products.” Canada does not have these frameworks in place and one of the results of this is that “there is no constructive path forward for the project” as stated in the letter from Teck.

This statement shines some light on the broader trend of divestment from fossil fuels that are rapidly changing the energy investment landscape. During the past eight years, over 1,200 institutions encompassing more than $14 trillion have divested from the fossil fuel industry. 

This capital is now being deliberately re-allocated to low-carbon investments which are perceived to be more long term and durable. Climate Action 100+, for example, is an initiative led by more than 450 investors with over $40 trillion in assets, with a mission to ensure that the world’s largest corporate greenhouse gas emitters take necessary action on climate change. Canada can become a welcome home to these investors, but only if we collectively develop and articulate our vision for developing world-leading projects that profitably address action on climate change.

Shifting business models

The proposed Teck Frontier mine would have employed 2,500 workers during operations of its 41-year lifespan while contributing an estimated $12 billion in federal income. Initial reactions to the cancellation understandably focus on the jobs that would have been created by this mega project and the projected loss of income that its demise will cause in many communities and for provincial and federal coffers. However, evidence illustrates that investment in low-carbon and net-zero technologies can yield many times the investment, creating vast benefits for the people and for the climate.

Fortunately, the emerging net-zero economy is a promising new model for both businesses and nations. In fact, although there isn’t yet a publicly available plan for how they will achieve this target, just weeks before Teck pulled its application for the Frontier mine, they committed to achieving net-zero operations by 2050, aligning itself with Canada’s national objective. 

Industrial energy efficiency initiatives are an example of these types of projects, which have an annual return on investment of 20-30%. Additionally, every $1 million invested in energy efficiency results in approximately 20 full-time jobs for a year. Meaning, the same $20 billion investment in the Frontier mine would result in nearly 10,000 full-time jobs for 41 years—four times the number of jobs estimated for the Frontier mine over the same time period. 

Many of these are industrial-scale jobs that would employ the same workers currently relying on employment in the coal and oil & gas industry. We must stop using the spectre of economic decline and loss of energy-sector jobs as a reason for continuing with the status quo.

Indigenous rights and title

The urgent need to establish a net-zero economy is an opportunity for Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities to build a prosperous transition to a new energy economy together, one that is based on a principled, rights-based approach. This new economy must be grounded in recognition of Indigenous peoples’ right to be self-determining over their own lands and resources.

The Frontier development promised jobs for the 14 First Nation and Metis communities who had signed onto the project, while there were other communities in the region who opposed the development. All of these communities should be among the workers at the forefront of a comprehensive plan to stimulate opportunities for good jobs building the net-zero economy, a plan that collaborates with Indigenous communities on a nation to nation basis.

Climate action

Teck acknowledges in their letter that, “there is an urgent need to reduce global carbon emissions and support action on climate change”. The case for action to decarbonize is irrefutable. As funding and global investment are diverted from the oil & gas industry it is clear that the investment landscape in Canada can only be preserved by embracing the transformative energy technologies that are required to decarbonize our economy and will provide tens of thousands of well-paying jobs.

We, the workers of Iron & Earth, understand that the transition to a net-zero world represents one of the largest job creation opportunities the country will ever see. Bold action from the federal government can set Canada on a path towards becoming a global leader, putting our businesses in a position to support other nations in their own transitions.The challenge is that the policy frameworks and roadmaps are not yet in place for climate action to accelerate at the required scale and pace.

Conclusion - towards a brighter economic future

The cancellation of this project creates a new type of certainty for the future of resource development and job creation in Canada—new mega projects in the oilsands are increasingly unlikely and business and government need to identify new opportunities to generate profits and fuel the economy.

This moment calls for a scale of investment that is unprecedented outside of the war years and the time for action is now. But even as the magnitude of the task ahead becomes increasingly clear and the timeframe for action narrows, our country remains polarized and fractured. It is time to come together. But not in an attempt to hold onto the past – it is time to come together towards a new future. 

Even as we recognize the part that the fossil-fuel industry has played in powering our modern economy, we must also recognize that the time has come for change and seize the initiative or risk being left behind. 

And so we stand ready to be put to work. But we ask one thing. We deserve a plan. We urge our government to engage with workers like ourselves to lay out a pathway that leads to a prosperous transition to a new economy of wellbeing for all workers, families, communities and traditions. 

In hope and action,

Iron & Earth

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Iron & Earth is committed to partnering with Indigenous workers to empower their communities to become self-sufficient in training programs, clean energy transition projects, and employment opportunities to combat environmental racism. It falls to all of us to continue the work of healing and reconciliation in our communities and our organizations. Our relationship with the land and the people who live here shapes who we are. It is in the spirit of reconciliation and honouring the past that we recognize treaties and agreements wherever they are and wherever we work.

We also acknowledge all peoples who live, work, and play on this land, and who honour and celebrate this territory.
As individuals and teams we may make mistakes along the way, but we are dedicated to growth, openness, compassion, and forgiveness. These principles in our work are essential to building successful and healthy relationships with individuals, communities, organizations, and governments.

We look forward to building a path to lead us to a better relationship with Indigenous nations and the environment around us based on peace, friendship, and respect.